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Special templates

“special templates” (starting with PNP 0.6.5) are used to combine data from arbitrary hosts and services and thus are not connected directly to a host or service.

Often it is desired to show data from several services in one graph. Every time the "pages" will not be sufficient the special templates may come into play.


“Special templates” will be searched in pnp4nagios/share/templates.special and must have the extension .php.

They are called via the controller “special” using


<template> is to be replaced with the particular template without the extension .php.

An appropriate link will be shown in the PNP interface if at least one “special template” was found.


The task is to show the response times of all web servers with hostnames websrv, websrv02, and websrv03 in one graph. The data is provided by the service “HTTP”.

Step 1: create a template “websrv_response_times.php” in the folder pnp4nagios/share/templates.special

“Special templates” always start with the definition of a title and a comment.

$this->MACRO['TITLE']   = "HTTP Response Times";
$this->MACRO['COMMENT'] = "HTTP Response Times for all Cluster Nodes";

Step 2: create a list of all hosts/services which come into question. PNP provides a function tplGetServices() to accomplish this task.

tplGetServices() expects two parameters.

Parameter 1 is a regular expression for the host(s), parameter 2 a regular expression for the service(s).

$services = $this->tplGetServices("websrv","HTTP");

$services now is an array with all services found.

To ease template development and to give an insight on the data structures you can force Kohana to stop processing using an exception.

To show the data of $services you just need the following line:

throw new Kohana_exception(print_r($services,TRUE));

Output of pnp4nagios/special?tpl=websrv_response_times

Array ( 
  [0] => Array ( 
     [host] => websrv01 
     [service] => HTTP 
  [1] => Array ( 
     [host] => websrv02
     [service] => HTTP 
  [2] => Array ( 
     [host] => websrv03
     [service] => HTTP 

The variable $services contains an array with all services found, in this case three hosts with the service “HTTP”.

Step 3: Iterating the array $services and creating the graph definitions

foreach($services as $key=>$val){
    $data      = $this->tplGetData($val['host'],$val['service']);
    $hostname  = rrd::cut($data['MACRO']['HOSTNAME'], 15);
    $def[0]   .= rrd::def("var$key" , $data['DS'][0]['RRDFILE'], $data['DS'][0]['DS'] );
    $def[0]   .= rrd::line1("var$key", rrd::color($key), $hostname);
    $def[0]   .= rrd::gprint("var$key", array("MAX", "AVERAGE"));

Inside the loop the function tplGetData is used to read the particular XML file. The data is returned as an array called $data.

In this example some other little PNP helpers are used recognisable by the extension rrd::.

The function rrd::cut() cuts a string to a specific length or fills up to this length. This might be helpful to align the legend.

The function rrd::gprint() creates the legend below the graph.

The function rrd::color() returns a colour from a predefined list of colours.

You will find more information on the PNP helpers here.

# Special Template websrv_response_times.php
$this->MACRO['TITLE']   = "HTTP Response Times";
$this->MACRO['COMMENT'] = "HTTP Response Times for all Cluster Nodes";
# Get a List of Services by regex 
# Option 1 = 'Host Regex'
# Option 2 = 'Service Regex'
$services = $this->tplGetServices("websrv","HTTP");
#throw new Kohana_exception(print_r($services,TRUE));
# The Datasource Name for Graph 0
$ds_name[0] = "Response Times";
$opt[0]     = "--title \"Response Times\"";
$def[0]     = "";
# Iterate through the list of hosts
foreach($services as $key=>$val){
    # get the data for a given Host/Service
    $data = $this->tplGetData($val['host'],$val['service']);
    # Throw an exception to debug the content of $data
    # Just to get Infos about the Array Structure
    #throw new Kohana_exception(print_r($data,TRUE));
    $hostname   = rrd::cut($data['MACRO']['HOSTNAME']);
    $def[0]    .= rrd::def("var$key" , $data['DS'][0]['RRDFILE'], $data['DS'][0]['DS'] );
    $def[0]    .= rrd::line1("var$key", rrd::color($key), $hostname);
    $def[0]    .= rrd::gprint("var$key", array("MAX", "AVERAGE"));

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pnp-0.6/tpl_special.txt · Last modified: 2022/01/21 14:37 by